New Series on Bitcoin and the Blockchain

We have started a series of blog posts about the bitcoin, the blockchain, and other topics related to cryptocurrencies.

These articles were published on the news network “The Conversation” between 2014 and 2021 and are republished here under TheConversation’s free Creative Commons licence.

We rate these articles as highly informative and republish them for educational reasons.

If you are interested in basic facts about cryptos and some general relation of technology and currencies, join our newsletter to get this information directly into your email box: Please register with and follow our site!

Every day, a new article will be published between 8 and 9 am Eastern European Summer Time (EEST).

The Conversation (website)

Type of businessNot-for-profit
Type of siteAnalysis, commentary, research, news
Available inEnglish, French, Spanish, Indonesian
FoundedApril 2010
HeadquartersMelbourne, Australia
Launched24 March 2011; 10 years ago
Current statusActive
Content licenseCC Attribution / No derivatives 4.0

The Conversation is a network of not-for-profit media outlets that publish news stories on the Internet that are written by academics and researchers, under a free Creative Commons licence, allowing reuse but only without modification.

It first launched in Australia in March 2011,[1] and has expanded into editions in the United Kingdom in 2013,[2] United States in 2014,[3] Africa[4] and France[5] in 2015, Canada in 2017,[6] Indonesia in 2017,[7] and Spain in 2018.[8] In September 2019, The Conversation reported a monthly online audience of 10.7 million users onsite, and a combined reach of 40 million people including republication.[9]

Each edition of The Conversation is an independent not-for-profit or charity funded by its university members, government and other grant awarding bodies, corporate partners, and reader donations.

Operating model


The Conversation articles are written by academics, based on their area of research. The Conversation‘s editors commission and edit these articles, with stated aims of no jargon and accessibility to a wide audience.[citation needed] Topics include politics, culture, health, science, and the environment.[10] All stories are published under a Creative Commons Attribution/No derivatives licence.[11] The site operates as a not-for-profit, supported by collaborative frameworks for academic institutions.


In 2016, the FactCheck unit of The Conversation became the first fact-checking team in Australia and one of only two worldwide units accredited by the International Fact-Checking Network, which is an alliance of fact-checkers hosted at the Poynter Institute in the U.S.[12] The assessment criteria require non-partisanship, fairness, transparency of funding, sources, and methods, and a commitment to open and honest corrections.[13]


The Conversation uses a custom publishing and content management system built in Ruby on Rails. The system enables contributors to collaborate on articles in real time. Articles link to author profiles—including disclosure statements—and personal dashboards show authors’ engagement with the public.[14]



The Conversation was co-founded by Andrew Jaspan and Jack Rejtman,[15] and first launched in Australia.

Jaspan first discussed the concept of The Conversation in 2009 with Glyn Davis, vice-chancellor at The University of Melbourne. Jaspan wrote a report for the university’s communications department on the university’s engagement with the public, envisioning the university as “a giant newsroom”, with the academics and researchers collectively providing authoritative and informed content that engaged with the news cycle and major current affairs issues.[16] That became the blueprint for The Conversation.

Jaspan and Rejtman were provided with office and support from Melbourne University’s VP Marketing & Communications Pat Freeland-Small from mid 2009, to work up their business model. By February 2010 they had developed the model, their branding and business identity which they launched to potential support partners by way of an Information Memorandum in February 2010.[17]

Jaspan secured $10m launch funding over three years from four universities (Melbourne, Monash, Australian National University, University of Western Australia) and CSIRO, the Victorian State Government, the Australian Federal Government, and the Commonwealth Bank of Australia. The Conversation Media Group opened its Carlton office in November 2010 with Jaspan as editor and a small team of professional editors and developers. The service launched to the public in March 2011.

From its first Melbourne-headquartered Australian edition, The Conversation has expanded to a global network of eight editions, operating in multiple languages.

EditionYear of LaunchEditorManagementNumber of Editors
Australia2011Misha KetchellLisa Watts (CEO)24[18]
United Kingdom2013Stephen KhanChris Waiting (CEO)23[19]
United States2014Beth DaleyBruce Wilson (Chief Innovation and Development Officer)17[20]
Africa2015Caroline SoutheyAlexandra Storey (General Manager)13[21]
France2015Fabrice RousselotCaroline Nourry (Directrice générale)12[22]
Canada2017Scott White9[23]
Indonesia2017Prodita Sabarini7[24]
Spain2018Rafael SarraldeMiguel Castro (Secretario general)8[25]

Across the whole network, stories commissioned by The Conversation are now republished in 90 countries, in 23 languages, and read more than 40m times a month.[26]

The Conversation UK

Andrew Jaspan secured seed funding to develop the case to launch The Conversation into the UK in 2012.[27] It launched in the UK on 16 May 2013 with Jonathan Hyams as chief executive, Stephen Khan as editor and Max Landry as chief operating officer, alongside co-founder, Andrew Jaspan. It had 13 founder members, including City, University of London. City’s president, Professor Sir Paul Curran chaired its board of trustees. Landry took over from Hyams as chief executive shortly after launch.

Membership grew to more than 80 universities in the UK and Europe, including Cambridge, Oxford, and Trinity College Dublin. By 2019 it had published 24,000 articles written by 14,000 academics.[28] In April 2018, it appointed former BBC and AP executive Chris Waiting as its new CEO.[29]

The Conversation U.S.

Andrew Jaspan was invited in 2012 to bring The Conversation to the United States. Thomas Fiedler, then dean of the School of Communications at Boston University, offered to host The Conversation U.S. and provide space for the first newsroom. With a university base established, he was able to raise the $2.3m launch funding. The U.S. edition of The Conversation was first published on 21 October 2014,[30] initially led by Jaspan as U.S. CEO, Margaret Drain as editor, and Bruce Wilson leading development and university relations. The U.S. pilot was supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and four other foundations. Beth Daley was appointed editor and general manager in March 2019, when Maria Balinska moved to the US-UK Fulbright Commission.[31]

Source: The Conversation (website), (last visited Aug. 3, 2021).

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